What is Dry eye?
A decrease in tear production or any alteration in the quality of tears produced, leads to poor lubrication of the eye surface causing dry eye.It is the most common cause of irritation,foreign body sensation and watering in the eyes.
- Environmental conditions, dry weather, air-conditioners, pollution,computers
- Decreased sensitivity of the cornea, post scarring ,ulceration or surgery
- Contact lens wear
- Irregularities in the cornea
- Some medications such as antibiotics, antihistamines, diuretics, beta-blockers, etc.
- Stinging or burning of eyes
- Foreign body sensation
- Stringy mucus in or around eyes
- Excessive tearing
Artificial tears are the most common forms of treatment for dry eyes. These eye drops are similar to your own tears. They lubricate the eyes and help maintain moisture.
Conserving your tears with punctal occlusion- which can be done on temporary or permanent basis. It keeps the eyes moist by blocking the tear duct.
It is a group of eye problems resulting from prolonged use of computer or cell phone. The common symptoms are tiredness or scratchiness of eyes, heaviness in eyes,headache, blurred vision and pain in neck or shoulders.
The symptoms occur due to a combination of factors like decreased blinking rate, poor lighting, bad posture, glare from the computer screen,etc.
- The 20-20-20 rule: Take a break of 20 seconds to look at an object 20 feet away after every 20 minutes of work on a computer screen.
- The lighting condition in the room should be good.
- Anti-glare screens should be put on the computer screen to minimise glare.
- The computer should be placed preferably in front of a window instead of a wall so that you should have a distant object to focus upon, to relax your eyes intermittently.
- Computer should be placed at a distance of roughly 25-28 inches from you with the screen being 4-5 inches below your eye level. Chair should be comfortable.
- Minimise the use of air-conditioners or keep the room moist by hanging a wet towel if you must use air-conditioning.
- Frequent use of lubricating eye drops, also called as artificial tears to keep your eyes moist.
- Consult an ophthalmologist in case of persistent problem.