Glaucoma (ਮੋਤੀਆ)


What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease that damages your eye nerve optic, and also leads to irreversible vision loss or it is also caused by blindness. It normally happens when some fluid builds up in the front part of your eye, and that extra fluid increases the pressure in your eye, damaging the optic nerve. The increased pressure in your eye is called intraocular pressure, which can damage your optic nerve, and sends images to your brain. If it is not diagnosed, it can cause loss of central vision and blindness.

Types of Glaucoma

There are many different types of glaucoma.
Open-angle glaucoma
The most common type of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma (POAG). This type of glaucoma is normally said to be primary because its cause cannot be attributed to any of the structural changes within the eye.
Congenital glaucoma (infantile glaucoma) Congenital glaucoma is increased pressure in the eye that can lead to the loss of vision from optic-nerve damage to an enlarged eye.
Pigmentary glaucoma Pigmentary glaucoma is known as secondary glaucoma that is more common in younger men. The condition for this is not yet understood, but granules of pigment detach from the iris, which is the colored part of the eye.
Angle-closure glaucoma
Angle-closure glaucoma or (closed-angle glaucoma) is a less common form of glaucoma in the Western countries but it is extremely common in Asia. Angle-closure glaucoma may be acute or chronic.

What are the symptoms of Glaucoma?

• There can be a slow loss of eye-vision
• Advanced cases can lead to complete blindness
• Decreased, cloudy and/or blurry vision
• Eye feels as though it is swollen
• Red-eye
• Nausea and vomiting
• Sudden, severe pain in the eye
• Excessive tearing
• Light sensitivity
• Front of eye looks cloudy
• Enlargement of one or both eyes
• Symptoms usually become noticeable once the child is a few months old

Benefits of Glaucoma Surgery

The benefits of glaucoma surgery depending on the patient’s age, type and extent of glaucoma as well as opted surgical treatment. A Long-term reduction that is in intra-ocular pressure (IOP) in the eye is the primary benefit of glaucoma surgery.

Prescription for Glaucoma?

Eye drops are prescribed to either reduce the formation of fluid in the front of the eye or increase fluid outflow.
Laser Surgery for Glaucoma treatments for people with Glaucoma will depend on what type of Glaucoma one has. The people with Open-Angle Glaucoma, laser surgery will slightly increase the outflow of the fluid from the eye. Microsurgery for Glaucoma; a new channel is created to drain eye fluid, resulting in a reduction of the intraocular pressure that causes glaucoma.

Precautions after Glaucoma

• Don’t rub or scratch your eyes.
• Take all prescribed eye drops.
• Avoid heavy lifting and strenuous activity.
• Avoid swimming pools.

Glaucoma surgery has a very high success rate. The majority of the patients report that their eye pressure has gone down after glaucoma surgery, improving their eye health overall. You can visit Akal Eye Hospital and go for a check-up. Dr. Balbir & Dr. Satbir are two reputed eye surgeons, available to look into your problem and work further on the processing.


Customer Service